Professor of IPB University from the Faculty of Agriculture, Prof. Edi Santosa, said the key to the success of the food estate project is sustainability in terms of all aspects, especially economic, social and ecological aspects. “Do not let Indonesia commemorate its 100th independence be trapped by a food crisis because the food estate project
Professor of IPB University from the Faculty of Agriculture, Prof. Edi Santosa, said the key to the success of the food estate project is sustainability in terms of all aspects, especially economic, social and ecological aspects.
“Do not let Indonesia commemorate its 100th independence be trapped by a food crisis because the food estate project does not consider its sustainability, both ecological, social and economic sustainability,” said Prof. Edi in a press statement received on Wednesday (16/9/20).
Food estate is a megaproject of the central government, which is a project to increase the planting area for agricultural commodities which is expected to increase the quantity of national food. The plan is that the megaproject will be implemented in Central Kalimantan Province by clearing a land area of 1.4 million hectares.
This project generated various perceptions among the community, especially the potential impact on the ecology in the Kapuas District and Pulang Pisau Regency, Central Kalimantan, which are the affected areas. He further suggested that the food estate project be built on a solid foundation.
The foundations in question include, among other things, completing coordination between institutions, the availability of appropriate and adequate facilities and infrastructure and the readiness of human resources. Coordination between these institutions is important both at the central and regional levels.
“Lack of coordination between institutions, both central and regional, can be a barrier to realizing the food estate program, such as overlapping roles and work inefficiency. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) must also be included so that they can play a role in it, “he explained.
Food estate projects must also be supported by adequate technology such as transportation and operational technology. This technology must be supported by adequate quality human resources so that project implementation can be efficient and have high success.
“Human resources are a long-term commitment, we can send the best local youth to study at the best universities in Indonesia, so that later on they can become agents of change, motivators as well as mobilizers for their communities,” added Prof. Edi.
The IPB University lecturer from the Department of Agronomy and Horticulture also explained that the food estate program is not only focused on rice commodities, but can be applied to other food commodities such as corn, cassava, and sago.
“There are areas where the puddle is too deep so that it is not possible to plant rice, so it can be used for fisheries. Don’t force rice, if it is more suitable for livestock, it can be used for livestock, ”he added.
Whatever the choice of commodity, continued Prof. Edi, when considering the ecological aspects and carried out in an efficient condition, it will provide great success. Regarding ecology, Prof. Edi suggested rehabilitating irrigation networks for unproductive land for agriculture and increasing soil fertility in areas with low soil fertility.
Geographically, the potential of the Central Kalimantan region is the place where it has the ability to be a water reservoir coupled with humid conditions. “But there are also areas that are poor in irrigation water, especially in the dry season.
The water that comes from rainwater can be used as storage. In my imagination, if the rainwater harvesting in Kalimantan is successful, it will create a surplus of water, potentially even more than Java. The key is water management, the upstream can be dammed and a reservoir is made, ”he concluded.